ABOUT THE ITEM: -These beautiful hand-forged rings feature beautiful raw black tourmalines on a patterned copper bands. Each ring has it's own unique organic texture. These rings were handmade using the lost art of electroforming. Electroforming is an organic process that creates a coat of copper on items using an electric current. The process can last from anywhere between 24 to 36 hours. Because of it's organic nature, each piece created in this process is unique and has beautiful imperfections and textures. Along with the protection from the wax, you should not shower or submerge the jewelry in water. Because your jewelry is made of copper, it will age over time but can become shiny again with a nice polish. :) All of the pieces offered at The Mountain Druidess are made with intention and feature fully charged crystals. To recharge your jewelry use the sun's and moon's rays because they are very energizing, as well as energetically clearing. You can use this method to both clear and charge your crystals at the same time. Find a safe place and leave your crystal for 24 hours or more (up to a week) in sunlight and/or moonlight. FINISH Clear Coat- An enamel clear coat is placed on the ring. It will make it so that the copper does not touch your skin directly avoiding green coloration of your skin (which happens with certain body chemistry and is harmless and can washed off with soap and water). Please note that the benefits of wearing copper are negated with the clear coat. CRYSTAL MEANINGS: -Black Tourmaline is a protective stone which repels and blocks negative energies and psychic attack. Black Tourmaline also aids in the removal of negative energies within a person or a space. Black Tourmaline will cleanse, purify, and transform dense energy into a lighter vibration.